Sanding Wood Floors and Refinishing


This article is about sanding wood floors and refinishing, and in this case the floors are in an old farm house, with one floor being painted a gray color from an oil based paint.

Removing the Old Paint

Trying the floor sander on this paint did not go to well, as the paint just glued itself to the sand paper on the drum.

So to make life a little easier I used a paint scraper on it first to get most of the paint off, and while this requires a fair amount of time, it did work well.

This room was only 12 by 12 feet, so the scraping didn’t take too long.

After that the rough sand paper on the drum floor sander lasted a lot longer with only going through about 3 or 4 of the sand papers.

Also, as the floor was not level, it took a while to sand out the higher spots.

There was a few carpet tacks to pull out, as someone must have had a carpet covering this floor at some point in time.

Sanding

Once the rough sanding was complete, which can take a while depending on the condition of the floor, than you can go to a medium like number 40 or 80 sand paper for 5 or 6 passes before switching to the fine sand paper for finishing your floor.

Then you can use an edger around the outside of the room where the drum sander can’t reach. Start with the rough paper, than down to medium and fine.

Also, is a good idea to take off any small 3/4 inch moldings around the baseboards, so that your not left with a line showing after sanding, and replace these after floor is finished.

If you have any closets that are too small for the drum sander, than the edger can be used in them, and a small mouse sander with its v shape works well for the corners.

You will find that some small sanding is required where the drum sander might have left some marks.

Random Orbital sanders

If you have a random orbital sander it can be used to remove any spots where the drum sander overlapped.

Usually giving the floor a good vacuuming, and using a strong light you can see any places that need a touch up sanding.

Dust

You will also wont to cover any doorways that are open with a plastic or blanket of some kind.

Even with the dust bags on the drum sander and edger, there always seems to be dust, and would suggest wearing a mask when sanding just to help keep you healthy.

Floors

If your floor is very uneven with some high and low spots than your first rough sanding should be across the grain of the floor boards to level them out.

Usually most floors are fairly level, so the sanding is with the grain of the wood,

And always get enough sandpaper, because the more often you have to change paper, the faster your floor sanding will go.

Start with a 24 grit, than 40 or 80 grit, than up to 120 for the fine sanding.

Once your floor sanding is done, than its time to get out your shop vacuum, and take your time to clean up all dust on the floor, windows, walls, and anything else in the room.

Polyurethanes

Next question to ask yourself is what do you put on your floors, and that depends on the individuals likes.

For my own floors I used Minwax Polyurethane clear gloss, and have seen other floors where a satin finish was used, which is not so shiny.

One floor in my log house was done with an oil based Polyurethane, and is still standing up to the wear and tear of every day traffic.

Most of these Polyurethanes require 2 coats to be put on, but a third coat can be applied with a 4 to 6 hour drying time between coats.

Always give a light sanding between coats, and a vacuuming, where light sanding means using fine sand paper to go over the floor lightly.

A sanding attachment used for gyprock works well, and you can even use a broom handle on them so is easier on the knees.

Staining

If you decide to stain your floors for a darker look, than is best to follow the recommendations on your can of stain.

Most stains can be put on with a rag or paint brush, and wiped in the direction of the grain of wood to give it a uniform coverage.

Also, would suggest wearing a pair of rubber gloves and knee pads when doing this.

Allow your stain to dry completely as per instructions on the can, before applying a Polyurethane to protect the floor.

There are some finishes that are a two in one, where the stain and protective finish are done in one step.

One thing about applying stain is to always try it out first on a scrap piece of wood, or in a closet corner to see how it looks first.

Minwax

Minwax has a Polyurethane with an oil base that does not require sanding between coats, so this will save you some time when applying, and they also have a water based Polyurethane for hardwood floors.

The Minwax also sells a top coat with a crystal clear finish, that gives a very durable finish, and again requires no sanding between coats.

Having used this product myself have found it to be excellent to apply, and does stand up to traffic.

Sanding by Hand

Some people do attempt to sand small rooms by hand, which means using a belt sander, or random orbital sander.

The belt sanders do work, but take a lot of time, and the sander has to be of good quality to be able to do a floor or outside deck.

One thing I have used on a small floor is the motorized gyprock sanders.

They actually work fairly well if your not in a hurry, and have the attachments to collect dust in your shop vacuum.

With a good level floor or deck to start with these tools can be used, but will take you a lot longer than the drum floor sander and edger.

T’he gyprock sander can cost anywhere from 300 to 600$, and to buy a belt sander another couple hundred or more for a good one.

So if you don’t have these tools on hand, than it is cheaper to just go and rent the floor sander and edger, which will get the job done faster, and mabey even better.

Finishing

So no matter which way you decide to sand your floors, one thing experience has taught me is to take your time and do a good job, and in the end you will have a great looking floor.

And before moving any furniture back in your room, follow the instructions from what ever you put on your floor for the time it takes to dry.

Many of these products require you to wait 24 hours, before moving furniture back in the room.

Conclusion

So best of luck on sanding your floors, and any comments are always appreciated.

Wayne.

 

Oscillating Multi Tool Reviews

This is probably one of the handiest tools you will ever purchase.

Mastercraft

Makita TM30/0CX1

Dewalt DWE315

PORTER-CABLE PCE605K52 

Dremel MM40-05

Rockwell Sonic Crafter

Skill 1400-02

Bosch MX30E

Fein FMM350Q

Black and Decker BD200 MTB

With the oscillating  multi tool you can use it on many projects around the home, from cutting the bottoms off door casings when laying a floating or hardwood floor to cutting out holes for electrical boxes, and the shingles used for leveling door frames plus so many other things.

They come with a variety of blades for metal and wood plus sanding attachments.

The metal blades are very useful for cutting off old nails or bolts, or metal door casings, or even the too long bolts that hold down your new toilet, and so many other metal objects.

Some of these also come with carbide edged blades for cutting ceramics, if you happen to have a cracked tile in the bathroom then with tis tool it is an easy change.

Most of these multi tools have interchangeable blades or adapters so you can use other brands of blades.

As most of these tools are not overly expensive this is a must tool that every handy person should have around the home or even on job sites.

I will give you a review of some of these multi tools, and as I have two Mastercraft models will mention them first.

1  Mastercraft

This multi tool has a 2.2 amp motor and will oscillate at a speed of 11,000 to 20,000 per minute. oscilating multitool review

Most of these tools are easy to work with, and this one weighs in at 3 pounds.

The blades for this one are held on by a screw that needs to be tightened with a hex key.

It comes in a carrying bag along with blades for wood and metal, and sanding.

The blades on this model fit over alignment pins on the accessory holder of the tool, and can be fitted at different angles if the need arises.

If you wonder why I bought two of these, well the price was real good at the time, and if one quit I always had a backup, but there both still running great.

For the price this has been a very reliable tool.

2  Makita TM30/0CX1

This model has a 3 amp motor and a slow start feature for improved performance and easy cutting, sanding, or scraping. oscilating multi tools reviews

With a variable control you can take this tool from 6000 to 20,000 oscillations per minute.

For one of the best performing multi tools this one is hard to beat, and comes with high quality blades and accessories in a Makita case.

Another thing nice about this model is there is no tool required to change blades, so that saves time looking for an allen wrench for each blade change.

About the only fault is they could supply a few more blades in the kit , but if your looking for a high quality multi tool then this is the one for around the home or on job sites.

The Dewalt DWE315K

This model also has a 3 amp motor for cutting and sanding, and also has a quick change system for the blades. dewalt dwe315

And with a variable speed trigger it will give you power when needed.

This oscillating multi tool is of high quality, and much like the Makita

As the price is not too high compared to other high end brands makes it a very popular model for those home renovations.

About the only negative is if using it for a long length of time your wrist can get sore, but that might depend on the person.

So if your looking for a high quality tool then try this out.

4  Porter Cable PCE605K52

Porter Cables model also has a 3 amp motor, and also comes with the tool free blade changer, and depth and guide for cutting. oscilating multitool review

It has a 52 accessory kit with a box to hold all your blades and sanding parts in.

Another good thing is that it will fit blades from other multi tool brands, making it easy to find extra blades when needed.

Porter cable also makes a 20 V battery model, also with the quick change blade system.

This model the PCC710B 20V has an 11 accessory kit with the storage box to carry it in.

One negative is that you have to buy the battery separate, but this multi tool can be very useful if your working where there is no power.

Both of these are of good quality, so you might wont to give them a try.

5  The Dremel MM40-05

This multi tool has a 2.5 amp motor and a 29 piece accessory set with the variable speed dial. oscilating multitool review

Also has the quick change release for the blades, but is not interchangeable for blades of other brands.

There are four models available for Dremel the MM20,30,40, and 45, starting with a 2.3 amp motor progressing up to a 3.8 amp

This is also a very popular brand to have a look at when out shopping for a multi tool.

6  The Rockwell Sonic Crafter

This model has a 3 amp motor, and comes with a 31 piece set and bag for carrying it all. oscilating multitool review

It has the tool free clamping system for your blades, and it will use other brands of blades with its universal fit system.

There is also a 4 amp model available but with a little higher price to it.

Unlike the Makita or Dewalt this one is for smaller jobs around the home, but is a good price for what you are getting.

7  Skill 1400-02

This one has a 2 amp motor, and the blades for it are held in place by a screw and the need for an allen wrench for tightening. oscilating multitool review

The kit for this one is an 11 piece set, and this multi crafter is for light duty work around the home.

Also has a rubber moulding around the front so is easy on the hands when using.

So if your looking for a multi crafter at a lower price and for light duty work you can try this one out.

8  The Bosch MX30E

This multi tool has a 3 amp motor, and comes with six different settings from 8000 to 20,000 oscillations per minute. oscilating multitool review

This one has a lever lock on the front to attach the blades to it, which is way better then having to look for a wrench all the time

With very little vibration this model is easy to work with for long periods of time.

It also comes with a carrying case in the set, and includes an adapter for other brands of blades.

If your looking for a very dependable multi tool then try this one out.

9  The Fein FMM350Q

This is another high quality tool with a 350 watt motor  and is made in Germany. isolating multitool review

It has a tool free connection for the blades that only take seconds to change.

There is less vibration or noise from this model then you will find with any others.

The kit for this one comes with blades for steel and wood plus the sanding attachments kept together in a hard plastic carrying case.

You will find that this is one of the best and most powerful oscillating tool sold today, and is designed for contractors and home use also.

So if you wont one of the best then try this out.

10  The Black and Decker BD200 MTB

This model comes with a 2.5 amp motor and has a variable speed with the tool free blade release. oscilating multitool review

It will reach a speed of 20,000 oscillations per minute and has six speeds you can dial in.

The adapter for it accepts attachments from other brands also.

The kit includes about 15 different blades and pieces with a storage bag for carrying.

F or the low price of this multi tool it is actually a good deal for your small projects around the home.

Conclusion

So I hope this left you with some ideas on what to buy for an oscillating tool.

It depends a lot on what you wont to use it for, if just around the house then some of the lower priced models should work very well.

If you will also use it for contract work then the Fein, Makita or Dewalt would be a better decision.

Also keep in mind the comfort of the tool when you use it for any length of time.

Another major plus with these tools is to pick one with the variable speed, as it is a bonus when sanding or scraping.

I hope these reviews will give you a better choice as to what is the best multi tool for your job situation.

Any comments are always appreciated,

Wayne.

 

 

 

 

 

Roof Rafter Repair

You will most likely need a new roof when you see water coming through your ceiling, or your old shingles have lifted in places or curled up.

Roof Shingles

Most shingles for roofs have a twenty to twenty five year life span, depending on the quality.

With todays climate change and the sunlight in summer seems to be hotter  it would be a good idea to check your roof every three or four years.

If you find the shingles lifted or curled up, then is close for a renew time.Shingle roof

Getting Roof Ready

If you wont to do this yourself then with a two story house is best to set up some scaffolding to work safely on, as a twenty or so foot drop is not always good for the body.

Or you can just hire professional roofers to do it for you.

The Rafters

In the case of this roof the level was down in the middle so the rafters were sagged down.

After removing the shingles and plywood and boards on this old farm house roof, we could see places that had rotted through.

Some of the old rafters were three feet apart, but that measurement varied from rafter to rafter.

Actually the roof looked like it had been built with second hand lumber, so I suppose a hundred or more years ago it was not as easy to get quality building materials, or just a lack of money at the time.Rafters

Rafter Sizes

Some rafters were two by fours and others were four by fours, seemed to be no set standard.

If you come across a situation like this then is best to put in some two by sixes to strengthen and straighten the roof.

You can run a line from one end of the peak to the other end getting it as level as possible, and use it as a reference to put your rafters up to.

If the roof is not sagged to much  then you might be able to sister two by sixes to the old rafters, or also put new two by sixes between the old rafters for extra support.

Vents

If you happen to have any bathroom vents coming into your attic then is a good time to connect there venting to the outside, as they will be easy to work on with the roof off.

Once all the rafters are up in place and level across, then the boards can be put back on and new plywood before installing your new shingles.

Then any roof vents can be cut out and new flashing put around chimneys, vents or valleys if any.Rafters

Underlay

Then the drip edge and underlay can be put on.

The underlay can be felt tar paper or the new self adhering underlay. The self adhering is an excellent product for shingle roofs, adding extra protection from leaks, and the rubberized asphalt seals around nails driven through it from the shingles.

Also would recommend it along the peak, under flashing around vents and chimneys, and in valleys before applying the shingles.

Tools Used for This Project

Hammer and pry bars.

Makita circular saw.

Reciprocating saw.

Dewalt drills 20 volt batteries.

Levels- 6 and 2 foot.

Chalk line.

Scaffolding.

 

Hope this left you with a few ideas  for repairing rafters in an old roof.

Any comments, always appreciated.

Wayne.