Roof Rafter Repair

You will most likely need a new roof when you see water coming through your ceiling, or your old shingles have lifted in places or curled up.

Roof Shingles

Most shingles for roofs have a twenty to twenty five year life span, depending on the quality.

With todays climate change and the sunlight in summer seems to be hotter  it would be a good idea to check your roof every three or four years.

If you find the shingles lifted or curled up, then is close for a renew time.Shingle roof

Getting Roof Ready

If you wont to do this yourself then with a two story house is best to set up some scaffolding to work safely on, as a twenty or so foot drop is not always good for the body.

Or you can just hire professional roofers to do it for you.

The Rafters

In the case of this roof the level was down in the middle so the rafters were sagged down.

After removing the shingles and plywood and boards on this old farm house roof, we could see places that had rotted through.

Some of the old rafters were three feet apart, but that measurement varied from rafter to rafter.

Actually the roof looked like it had been built with second hand lumber, so I suppose a hundred or more years ago it was not as easy to get quality building materials, or just a lack of money at the time.Rafters

Rafter Sizes

Some rafters were two by fours and others were four by fours, seemed to be no set standard.

If you come across a situation like this then is best to put in some two by sixes to strengthen and straighten the roof.

You can run a line from one end of the peak to the other end getting it as level as possible, and use it as a reference to put your rafters up to.

If the roof is not sagged to much  then you might be able to sister two by sixes to the old rafters, or also put new two by sixes between the old rafters for extra support.

Vents

If you happen to have any bathroom vents coming into your attic then is a good time to connect there venting to the outside, as they will be easy to work on with the roof off.

Once all the rafters are up in place and level across, then the boards can be put back on and new plywood before installing your new shingles.

Then any roof vents can be cut out and new flashing put around chimneys, vents or valleys if any.Rafters

Underlay

Then the drip edge and underlay can be put on.

The underlay can be felt tar paper or the new self adhering underlay. The self adhering is an excellent product for shingle roofs, adding extra protection from leaks, and the rubberized asphalt seals around nails driven through it from the shingles.

Also would recommend it along the peak, under flashing around vents and chimneys, and in valleys before applying the shingles.

Tools Used for This Project

Hammer and pry bars.

Makita circular saw.

Reciprocating saw.

Dewalt drills 20 volt batteries.

Levels- 6 and 2 foot.

Chalk line.

Scaffolding.

 

Hope this left you with a few ideas  for repairing rafters in an old roof.

Any comments, always appreciated.

Wayne.

 

Orbital Sander Reviews

If you have some sanding to do around your home then an orbital sander can be a very good buy. They work well on small jobs or even on the finishing of floors after the drum sanding is done.

The orbital sanders provide a smoother finish then if you were using a belt or flat sander. From my experience the flat sanders will leave some swirl marks on the wood, which you often have to sand out by hand.

Belt sanders are ok but do not always leave the wood as smooth as it should be.

One thing about the orbital sanders is that they are easy to change the sanding paper, with the hook and loop system just pull the used one off and paste the new one on.

Most orbital sanders will produce quite a bit of dust, so when applying your sandpaper to the disc be sure to match up with the dust holes on the bottom of the pad.

Makita

Probably one of the best orbital sanders is the Makita B05041K, which is a five inch model and weighs about 3.1 pounds.

With its rubberised grip the amount of vibration you feel when sanding is much less in comparison to other orbital sanders.

Makita designed a handle for the front of this sander which gives you more control, plus the handle can be adjusted if your sanding in tight corners.

It also has a variable speed control, which is a great idea as you can control the speed from four thousand to twelve thousand orbits per minute.

With the 3 amp motor there is enough power for most of your sanding jobs around the home.

So if your looking for one of the best in orbital sanders then this is it.

As I have owned different Makita tools from drills to saws, etc. I can say that they are made to last.

Makita Cordless Orbital Sander

Makita also makes a cordless orbital sander, the LX0B01Z, which uses an eighteen volt lithium ion battery for its power source.

It will last about forty minutes on low speed and twenty minutes on high, before needing to be recharged, having another battery is the best way to go.

Also has a one touch speed control for three different speeds,1000,4500,11,000, and also a dust sealed switch for protection.

The sanding pad is a five inch hook and loop design, and the kit for this sander supplies two batteries and the charger plus the dust bag.

Video from GV ToolShed on YouTube.com

Bosch

The Bosch 3725DEVS random orbital sander is also a very high quality tool. With a 3.3 amp motor that give it a little extra power.

It also comes equipped with a speed control for sanding from four thousand to twelve thousand orbits per minute.

This sander is one of the heavier at 5.1 pounds as most are in the three to four pound range, but with an extra handle on the front makes it easy to control.

To reduce swirl marks on the wood being sanded there is a dampening ring built into it. This basically controls the pressure and speed that the pad spins at when making contact with the wood.

Photo credit to BoshTools.com

Dewalt

orbital sander reviews

The Dewalt DWE6421K is a five inch and 3.4 pound orbital sander

This model will also sand up to twelve thousand orbits per minute but does not have the variable speed control

Like the other sanders it has a dust collector attached to it.

It is also designed to keep dust out of all critical areas, so should be able to last a long time.

Photo credit to DeWalt.com

Ryobi P411

The Ryobi P411 one is an eighteen volt cordless battery operated random orbital sander.

This one weighs in at three pounds and has a five inch sanding pad that gives out ten thousand orbits per minute, and also equipped with the dust bag.

The one con about this sander is you have to buy the battery and charger separate. If you happen to own Ryobi cordless products then the batteries from them are interchangeable with this sander.

If used for light sanding work then this is an excellent tool.

Porter Cable

The Porter Cable 382 is another orbital sander of excellent quality.

It is designed so that dust does not get to the 1.9 amp motor, or into the sealed power switch, so it should last a long time.

With an automatic speed control for starting to sand and slowing down, so you don’t get swirl marks on the wood.

This model has less vibration then some others, thus making it easier to use over a longer period of time.

It will spin up to twelve thousand orbits per minute, so for light to medium sanding it is an excellent choice.

Black and Decker

The Black and Decker model BDER0100 orbital sander is more for light sanding jobs.

Weighing only 3.16 pounds it is one of the lightest sanders, so this makes it very easy to control.

It will spin up to twelve thousand orbits per minute and with the random orbital motion it does leave a good finish on the wood.

This is not too expensive a sander and is good enough for any small sanding around your home.

Mastercraft

Mastercraft makes a random orbital sander model number 054-8392-0.

This is another sander designed for light work with a five inch sanding pad, and the hook and loop system for attaching the sand paper.

It weighs two pounds ten ounces so is very light to handle, and for best results just apply light pressure while sanding.

It does not have a variable speed control so best to start the sander after you have placed it on the wood.

For light duty work and a low price tag this sander works quite well, as I have used one of these to do two church doors, and it did an excellent job.Church doors

Milwaukee

The Milwaukee five inch  random orbital sander model is 6021-21.

It has a 3.0 amp permanent magnet motor producing excellent speed and power.

This model also comes with the variable speed dial controlling the seven to twelve thousand orbits per minute.

With an electronic soft start there is less wear on its parts, and very little swirl marks so it will produce a smooth finish.

The design adds control and comfort to the sander, and with a weight of 3.3 pounds makes it very easy to use.

With a five year warranty this model should last you a while.

Speed of Sanders

The speed that the sanding pad moves is rated as orbits per minute OPM because the pad is oscillating in a random motion as well as spinning.

Also there are some sanders that spin only on a fixed axis and these are measured in revolutions per minute RPM.

When the sander is on the wood to be sanded it will slow down from what it is rated at.

Power Rating

The power rating of these random orbital sanders is usually in the range of 2.5 to 3.3 amps.

Some of these with a stronger motor may actually orbit and spin at a slower rate then others, so that’s something to check out when buying.

Warranty

The warranty on most orbital sanders is from 1 to 3 years and some up to five years, so there usually made to last for awhile.

Buying

Most hardware stores will sell the orbital sanders, Canadian Tire has different models to choose from so you look and see how they feel.

They also can be bought online, Amazon will have many different brands of them to choose from, and also with customer reviews to help in your choice to purchase.

And often the online stores will have a more competitive pricing then your local hardware stores.

Usage

For most people the choice of an orbital sander will depend on the job you will be using it on most of the time.

If your going to use one at different jobs you do such as sanding a floor after drum sanding then a better quality sander would be the best choice.

And if only doing light sanding around your home a less expensive model will be ok.

Also try to chose a sander that’s comfortable to hold, because if your using it for an extended length of time your hands and wrists can get a little sore.

Conclusion

If you have the urge to buy a random orbital sander then Amazon is an excellent place to look for one.

They sell the top end models and the not so expensive models.

Usually you get what you pay for, so often a better rated model will be the best buy.

Having a variable speed model is also a bonus as the sanding speed can determine just how smooth your sanding job will end up looking.

One of the top rated is the Makita B05041K model, designed to do your jobs and last, as well as being one of the best in overall performance.

Any questions or comments then drop me a note,

Wayne.

 

 

 

Painting a Tin Roof

If you get the opportunity for painting a tin roof you can give it a try, or leave it to the professionals.

Getting Roof Ready

When working on a roof always be careful as a slip or wrong step can lead to a lot of hurting.

If your roof is rusty with old paint peeling off, then it should be scraped first. A wire brush and paint scraper works well for this.

Its a slow process and I have seen pressure washers  used also, but in the end there always seems to be scraping by hand to do.

Roofing Screws

Also when your scraping carry a hammer and drill along for any loose nails to replace them with the roofing screws.

If you see the tin is loose then it is often better to put screws in, and also where the tin overlaps. This will help anything from becoming loose in the future.

Cleaning the Roof

Once you have the roof scraped, then its a must to sweep and wash the dirt and dust off before beginning to paint. Pressure washer or garden hose will work well.

Paint

Some paints recommend a primer before the top coat, while others don’t require it. Other paints will recommend two coats for best results.

The one thing when picking up paint for your roof is to always search for the best quality as you don’t wont to be redoing it in a couple years from now.

Ways to Paint Your Roof

The next thing is how you wont to paint your roof, spray it on or use a brush or roller.

I have seen some spray painting done on roofs that were not very good quality, and some that were excellent. So would recommend if your having it sprayed to do your homework first on this subject.

Paint Brush

If you decide to go with a paint brush then it will certainly take longer then the spray painting, but will most likely be a good job also, and last a long time.

A four or three inch brush will work well for this.

A Fluffy Paint Roller

Another thing you could try is using a fluffy paint roller to do the roof, if it is fairly straight going. Having tried this and to my own surprise it worked quite well.

For this is best to work off scaffolding if using a roller, and also to have a long expanding paint pole. With the thick roller is quite easy to get a good paint coverage on the ridges of the tin.

It will take about half the time to put on in comparison to using a brush, plus moving the scaffolding also.

Ropes

If your using a brush you can use a roof ladder or climbing harness with good ropes to tie you on with. If the roof is not to steep then the climbing harness and a good rope work very well.

Painting a tin roof

Being Careful

Once again would like to mention always be careful and work safe on a roof.

Tie up your ropes to something solid like a tree, car, or truck as it can get real exciting sliding off a roof on a ladder with a paint can in your hand.

If you try this project out your roof should look real good when finished, be careful, have fun and enjoy the view.

Any comments are always appreciated,

Wayne.

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